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Transitions between homophilic and heterophilic modes of cooperation

Submitted: Jun 13, 2015
Last Updated: Jun 13, 2015
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Cooperation is ubiquitous in biological and social systems. Previous studies revealed that a preference toward similar appearance promotes cooperation, a phenomenon called tag-mediated cooperation or communitarian cooperation. This effect is enhanced when a spatial structure is incorporated, because space allows agents sharing an identical tag to regroup to form locally cooperative clusters. In spatially distributed settings, one can also consider migration of organisms, which has a potential to further promote evolution of cooperation by facilitating spatial clustering. However, it has not yet been considered in spatial tag-mediated cooperation models. Here we show, using computer simulations of a spatial model of evolutionary games with organismal migration, that tag-based segregation and homophilic cooperation arise for a wide range of parameters. In the meantime, our results also show another evolutionarily stable outcome, where a high level of heterophilic cooperation is maintained in spatially well-mixed patterns. We found that these two different forms of tag-mediated cooperation appear alternately as the parameter for temptation to defect is increased.


Model Status

This model is currently unpublished.

Model Version: 1
Version Notes:

Programming Language: Java
Operating System: Platform Independent
Licensed Under: GNU GPL, Version 3
Instructions on Running This Model:

Model Files
Docs: Model.doc
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